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Using at, in, on Correctly 正確使用 at, in, on

At, in and on are some of the most commonly used prepositions. Can you use them correctly? At、in on 是一些最常用的前置詞(介詞)。 你能正確使用它們嗎? Can you complete the following story using the correct preposition (at, in or on) in each blank? 你能在每個空白處使用正確的前置詞 (at, in on) 完成下面的故事嗎? I had a lot of work to do (1) ____ Friday. (2) ____ 9 o’clock, I was still working (3) ____ the office. I looked up, only to discover that all my colleagues had left and there was not a person (4) ____ sight. I really hated working (5) ____ Friday evening when all my friends were having a good time (6) ____ pubs or (7) ____ parties. I felt a chill when I left the office (8) ____ midnight. (9) ____ this time, the street looked almost empty, especially (10) ____ the winter. I turned (11) ____ the heater when I got home. I looked around. There were dirty clothes stacked (12) ____ the corner, (13) ____ my bed and even (14) ____ the bathtub. ‘How messy my room is!’ I uttered. ‘Still, I feel cozy (15) ____ my small den,’ I thought. ‘I don’t need to work (16) ____ the weekend, so I can stay (17) ____ bed for as long as I like,’ I said to myself before I went to bed. However, my plan was disturbed before 8 o’clock (18) ____ the morning. I was aroused by my phone rattling (19) ____ the bedside table. I picked it up. It was my mother. ‘What are you doing (20) ____ this time of the day?’ she started blabbing. ‘What time is it now? Anyway, I’ve come to see you and wash the clothes. I am (21) ____ the door now. Get up (22) ____ once and open the door for me.’ 星期五我有很多工作要做。 九點鐘,我還在辦公室工作。我抬頭一看,才發現同事都走了,一個人也不見。我真的很討厭週五晚上工作,那時我所有的朋友都在酒吧或聚會上玩得很開心。 半夜離開辦公室時,我感到一陣寒意。這個時候,街道看起來幾乎是空的,尤其是在冬天。我回家後開了暖爐。我環顧四周,角落裡、床上甚至浴缸裡都堆滿了髒衣服。 我的房間多凌亂!我說。 不過,在我的小窩裡, 我感覺很舒服,我想。 我周末不需要工作,所以我想睡多久就睡多久,我在睡覺前對自己說。然而,我的計劃在早上八點之前就被打亂了。我被床頭櫃上的電話吵醒。我撿起來,是我媽媽。

你這個時候在做什麼?她開始喋喋不休。現在幾點?反正我是來看你和洗衣服的。 我現在就在門口。馬上起來,給我開門。

Grammar Notes 文法筆記 In general, the three prepositions can be used in the following situations: 一般來說,這三個前置詞可以用於以下情況: At: showing an exact time or a specific place 顯示確切時間或特定地點 at 7 o’clock, at half past eight, at a quarter to ten at dawn, at noon, at dusk, at night at the moment, at that time, at present, at this time of the year at breakfast, at lunch (time), at dinner (time) at the office, at the cinema, at the airport In: showing a longer period of time, a place or an enclosed room or space 顯示較長的時間、地點、封閉的房間或空間 in the morning, in the afternoon, in the evening in 1928, in 2013, in 2055, in the 18th century in winter, in summer, in autumn in March, in December, in July in the room, in the kitchen, in the bathroom, in the box, in the drawer in the field, in the car, in the water in the dark, in the world, in the air in London, in Paris, in Canada, in Brazil On: showing a day, date, or the surface of something 顯示一天、日期或某東西的表面 on Monday, on Wednesday, on Friday morning, on Saturday afternoon on Good Friday, on Christmas Day, on my birthday on the first day of my holiday, on a rainy day, on a winter’s evening on the table, on the floor, on the bed, on the desk on the wall, on the ceiling, on the horse, on the shelf In phrases: Prepositions can be used in phrases. Sometimes a noun can be used with different prepositions showing different meanings. 前置詞(介詞)可以用在短語中。 有時,一個名詞可以與不同的前置詞一起使用,顯示不同的意思。Compare: stay/lie in bed ≠ sit on my bed in the morning ≠ on Friday morning at the desk ≠ on the desk at night ≠ in the night look at ≠ look on Answer and Analysis 答案與分析 1. on (collocation: on Friday) 2. at (collocation: at 9 o’clock) 3. at (collocation: at the office) 4. in (collocation: in sight = that could be seen) 5. on (collocation: on Friday evening) 6. in (collocation: in pubs) 7. at (collocation: at a party/at parties)

8. at (collocation: at midnight) 9. At (collocation: at this time) 10. in (collocation: in (the) winter) 11. on (collocation: turn on the heater) 12. in (collocation: in the corner) 13. on (collocation: on the/my bed) 14. in (collocation: in the bathtub) 15. in (collocation: in my small den) 16. at (collocation: at the weekend, Americans say on the weekend) 17. in (collocation: stay in bed) 18. in (collocation: in the morning) 19. on (collocation: on the (bedside) table) 20. at (collocation: at this time of the day) 21. at (collocation: at the door = near/in front of the door) 22. at (collocation: at once = immediately) To master the use of prepositions, you need to remember the collocation as a whole. Words involved in the collocations include verbs, nouns, adjectives, articles and adverbs. 要掌握前置詞的運用,你需要整體記住搭配。搭配中涉及的詞類包括動詞、名詞、形容詞、冠詞 和副詞。


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